The increased activity of the pancreas in an attempt to secrete additional insulin can cause inflammation throughout the gland. That chronic inflammation can actually destroy the beta cells which are the sites that secrete insulin. This downward spiral diminishes the body’s ability to make insulin at all – a dangerous path that can lead to diabetes.
If you’re completely new to CBD oil, then this 2019 guide is for you. If you’ve been around the block, then you’ve probably experienced the following: you type into google “CBD oil for Sale,” you’re immediately shown hundreds of results, and when you click the first link, you get overloaded with sale offers or different promotions trying to sell you one thing or another.
If you haven’t been bombarded with CBD marketing or raves about it from friends, get ready. This extract—which comes from either marijuana or its industrial cousin, hemp—is popping up everywhere. There are CBD capsules, tinctures, and liquids for vaping plus CBD-infused lotions, beauty products, snacks, coffee, and even vaginal suppositories. Already some 1,000 brands of CBD products are available in stores—and online in states that don’t have lenient cannabis laws. This is a tiny fraction of what’s to come: The CBD market is poised to exceed $22 billion by 2022, per the Chicago-based research firm Brightfield Group.
CBD is well tolerated in humans with doses up to 600 mg not resulting in psychotic symptoms (15). In the few small placebo-controlled studies performed, no significant CNS effects were noted. Oral CBD undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism via CYP3A4, with a bioavailability of 6%. Following single doses in humans, the half-life of CBD when taken orally is about 1 to 2 days.1 In vitro studies have shown that CBD is a potent inhibitor of multiple CYP isozymes, including CYP 2C and CYP3A (16, 17). Whether these in vitro observations are relevant at plasma concentrations likely to be seen in patients is unclear. In addition, given its metabolism via CYP3A4, clinical trials of CBD in patients receiving enzyme-inducing AEDs, such as carbamazepine or phenytoin, will require detailed pharmacokinetic studies.
This study investigated how CBD could affect subjects with liver injuries resulting from chronic and binge alcohol consumption. CBD was given to subjects (in this case, mice and human blood samples) that had been fed alcohol. In short, the analysis demonstrated that CBD lessened the elevated liver enzymes and the increased liver triglyceride. It also reduced fat droplet accumulation.
The co-founders of Hemptouch, Marko Sladič (CEO) and Silvija Špehar (Biologist and Head of Research and Development), believe in hemp as a natural powerhouse to complement anyone’s skincare regime. Their line of products for dry, combination, oily and problem skin is far superior and more comprehensive than any other we’ve seen in Europe, because it is based on natural ingredients and their formulas are unique, simple and effective. Hemptouch’s creams and ointments combine full spectrum CBD (rich in a large array of cannabinoids) with raw hemp oil and hemp flower hydrolate - this is the primordial base. On top of this, you’ll find synergetic blends of essential oils like chamomile, lavender and calendula.
People who experience psychosis may produce too much or even too little cannabinoids (from overactive dopamine receptors). CBD is milder than our internal cannabinoids and helps to re-establish a balance of cannabinoids in the brain. CBD also helps lower inflammation, which is often increased in schizophrenia. THC, on the other hand, is stronger than our internal cannabinoids (anandamide and 2-AG), this way potentially triggering psychosis [46, 48].
If you’re new to CBD oil, Love Hemp advocates getting started with their 8% CBD drops concentrate and then moving on to their 20% extract. If required, or advised by a healthcare professional, Love Hemp also features the strongest CBD concentrate in the UK market, a 40% CBD oil that comes both as a natural extract or with added peppermint flavour (which comes from natural peppermint essential oil). Those who prefer edibles can opt for Love Hemp’s gummies, which are similar in texture to wine gums (quite chewy and flavourful), the upcoming CBD chocolate (which will be available both for vegans and vegetarians as milk or dark chocolate bonbons), flavoured sprays and even CBD water. Because of their high bioavailability, CBD vape oils or e-liquids are very popular and Love Hemp’s selection of flavours and concentrates satisfy those looking for a fruity, creamy or icy touch to their vapes.
Hemptouch is a small family company from Slovenia specialising in topicals, namely natural creams and ointments that are CBD-rich and support skin health. Co-founder Silvija Špehar has a passion for natural skincare and saw the potential of CBD for topical use in synergetic formulas rich in essential oils and organic ingredients. When Hemptouch launched in 2014, Silvija’s formulas soon became popular via word of mouth and today has grown to become one of the most influential European CBD skincare brands. Widely retailed in the UK, Hemptouch offers the guarantee of overseeing the entire production process - from the growing of Cannabis Sativa L. in their own fields to the formulation and manufacturing of their products for topical use. Hemptouch also supplies a medium-strength 15% extract in an olive oil base. If you’re looking for quality CBD products from an ethical, small, European manufacturer, you’ll like Hemptouch.
A number of difficulties exist in evaluating published data on CBD or marijuana use for epilepsy. The extremely limited published studies were small, poorly described, and not well designed. Contributing to the difficulty of interpreting published studies, CBD products are not produced under the guidance of good manufacturing practices (GMP) and are not subject to regulations governing labeling, purity, and reliability. In other words, currently, there is no guarantee of consistency between products, or even differing lots produced by the same manufacturer. Without independent testing (e.g. USP certification) of CBD products for content and purity, as well as bioavailability testing of specific products, uncertainty surrounds the use of available CBD products in routine clinical settings.
While this is true to an extent, the simple fact of the matter remains that pure CBD oil with customer-backed qualities is a rarity in the legal hemp marketplace. The vast majority of CBD oil online (even products that are extracted with CO2 technology and "verified" with third-party lab reports), is still subpar in terms of potency, purity, and effectiveness.
If this is not sufficient for calming your symptoms, a gradual increase of another 25 mg per day, over the course of 3-4 weeks, is recommended. While there have been no reports of more serious side effects when this oil is taken in larger concentrations, it is best to slowly increase your dose to find a comfortable and effective level, given your individual characteristics and needs.
Lisa Hamilton, a jeweler and doula in Brooklyn, NY, knows about the side effects. She recently tried CBD for the shoulder pain that plagued her five years after an accident. Her doctor certified that she was in chronic pain, which under New York State law allowed her to buy from a state dispensary. One Friday, she swallowed two 10-mg capsules, the amount recommended at the dispensary, then took another two on Saturday. “By Sunday, it felt like I’d gotten hit by a truck. Every muscle and joint ached,” Hamilton says. She cut back to one pill a day the following week, but still felt hungover. She stopped after that.
These reports suffered from a number of design flaws, including incomplete baseline quantification of baseline seizure frequency, indeterminate time periods for outcome determination and, in some cases, inadequate (or missing) statistical analysis—in general, a lack of sufficient detail to adequately evaluate and interpret the findings. Limitations aside, several studies did report that administration of adjunctive CBD did not result in meaningful changes in seizure frequency (11–13).
Although CBD oils aren’t regulated by the FDA, purchasing products stateside from one of the nine states where recreational and medical cannabis use is legal will likely result in a higher-quality product than buying one made with hemp-derived CBD oil imported from abroad, says Martin Lee, director of Project CBD, a nonprofit that promotes medical research into CBD.