CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal model, CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. More study in humans is needed in this area to substantiate the claims of CBD proponents about pain control.
CBD is well tolerated in humans with doses up to 600 mg not resulting in psychotic symptoms (15). In the few small placebo-controlled studies performed, no significant CNS effects were noted. Oral CBD undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism via CYP3A4, with a bioavailability of 6%. Following single doses in humans, the half-life of CBD when taken orally is about 1 to 2 days.1 In vitro studies have shown that CBD is a potent inhibitor of multiple CYP isozymes, including CYP 2C and CYP3A (16, 17). Whether these in vitro observations are relevant at plasma concentrations likely to be seen in patients is unclear. In addition, given its metabolism via CYP3A4, clinical trials of CBD in patients receiving enzyme-inducing AEDs, such as carbamazepine or phenytoin, will require detailed pharmacokinetic studies.

That’s an excellent question, Denise! The answer is two-fold. Generally, a ‘high’ dose would be anything significantly above the recommended doses on the products themselves. However, it’s also important to remember that all of our bodies are a bit different. For those who are more sensitive to CBD, a daily dose may be half the recommended dose for them to see amazing results. When it comes to dosing, just remember that it’s okay to play around and find what works best for your body. If you ever run into any questions, feel free to call us. We’re here to help! 608-663-2640

The Hemp Oil 1000mg is an omega supplement that naturally relieves chronic pain and inflammation. It also enhances better sleeping patterns and reduces stress and anxiety. One serving is equivalent to 40 drops and contains 36mg. Hemp Oil 1000mg is a full phytonutrient blend that gives an entourage effect. It contains flavonoids, phytonutrients, natural terpenes, and antioxidants. Hemp Oil 1000mg lasts roughly a month and contains omega, essential fatty acids and calming peppermint oil.


CBD works wonders for a variety of different conditions, and there is truly no “one-size-fits-all” approach to a suggested serving size. While most people only need a 2-3mg a day to notice the benefits, others might need a higher dosage depending on the conditions they are taking it for. Some people with adverse medical conditions might take up to 200mg a day. An excellent place to start is by taking 2-3mg in the morning and then another 2-3mg in the evening until you find a dosage that suits your individual needs.


Side effects of CBD include nausea, fatigue and irritability. CBD can increase the level in your blood of the blood thinner coumadin, and it can raise levels of certain other medications in your blood by the exact same mechanism that grapefruit juice does. A significant safety concern with CBD is that it is primarily marketed and sold as a supplement, not a medication. Currently, the FDA does not regulate the safety and purity of dietary supplements. So you cannot know for sure that the product you buy has active ingredients at the dose listed on the label. In addition, the product may contain other (unknown) elements. We also don’t know the most effective therapeutic dose of CBD for any particular medical condition.
At this time, there does seem to be a growing body of basic pharmacologic data suggesting there may be a role for CBD, especially in the treatment of refractory epilepsy. However, given the lack of well-controlled trials, we must also ask if we are getting ahead of ourselves. Clearly, this is an emotionally and politically charged issue. If this were any other uninvestigated pharmaceutical compound, would we feel as compelled to make the agent widely available before statistically valid class 1 evidence was available for review? Until data from well-designed clinical trials are available and reliable, and standardized CBD products that are produced using GMP are available, caution must be exercised in any consideration of using CBD for the treatment of epilepsy. In the meantime, based upon promising preliminary data, further clinical research should be wholeheartedly pursued.
Now I was able to find the interpretation for everything else in the legend, however NT is not disclosed in the legend…so one has no way of interpreting until you actually speak with a customer service agent, unless the assumption is made. Fishy, but I am an agent and am soooo rooting for CTFO to prove me wrong since I have skin in the game already.
It’s vital to know how and where hemp was grown. That’s because hemp is a bioaccumulator, meaning hemp absorbs contaminants from the soil while it grows. So if the soil it was grown on is not good, clean soil, then that plant might contain high levels of lead or mercury. When hemp is imported, it’s harder to ensure the hemp is grown responsibly, sustainably and without adding potential toxins to the products made from the crop. While it used to be that most CBD brands imported their hemp, today more and more brands use domestically grown hemp. We’ve also included some brands that use responsibly grown hemp imported from Europe.
Since 2014, NuLeaf Naturals – our Editor’s Pick – has been committed to creating high-quality CBD oil products. As one of the oldest and most reviewed companies in the industry, NuLeaf Naturals has established themselves as a trustworthy CBD manufacturer. All of their products are tested by third party labs and their cannabinoid profile is impressive. They offer a unique range of concentrations for their organic CBD products ranging from 240mg to 4,850mg.

The interest and preference for botanical remedies such as CBD oil over harsh pharmaceuticals are growing rapidly. You can read scientific research on the promise of CBD Oil at NCBI. While North America is taking the lead legalizing cannabis and hemp the rest of the world is starting to question their stance on prohibition because of the undeniable benefits. While all talk about plant-based remedies may seem very new, using cannabis/hemp tinctures as a holistic remedy is a generations-old tradition. It was very common to use tinctures of cannabis oil in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. We are enjoying a renaissance in ancestral health where we are open again to remedies that were all but forgotten about in the mad race to make medicines a pill offered by a faceless often unaccountable corporation.

Many people say that you should scrub your body with leftover coffee grounds because the caffeine helps get rid of cellulite. (It is actually well documented in medical literature.) But if you feel weird about dipping into the coffee machine at the office, try this CBD-infused coffee scrub, made with coconut oil and shea butter for extra moisturizing benefits, instead. I like using it when I need a little bit of medication with my exfoliation (which the coffee grounds are for)—plus, the strong scent of coffee will wake you up if you use it in the morning. If you live with anyone else, just make sure to clean the shower afterwards—coffee scrubs can be messy and staining.

Great points and thanks for the clarification. To be clear, THC products are not readily available to purchase online (legally), so anyone hoping to try the CBD oil trend will have to settle for these alternatives for the time being, until the FDA approves more variations. Many people who are new to CBD see these options as a good entry-point before they experiment with larger mg amounts, and the reviews online are strong. Still, you are correct that full spectrum CBD oils may ultimately be better once they are legally approved to sell online to everyone.


As with most cannabinoids, CBD and its side effects are being studied further to fully understand its side effects on certain drugs, including its effect on hormones. Therefore, in speaking with a medical professional, it is wise to gain as much knowledge as possible about the specific drug you are taking, its dosages, and if CBD might affect its results. 

Since it started becoming popular roughly two years or so ago, the general consensus has always been that since CBD oil from top brands does not contain the psychoactive properties of THC, it is therefore legal. Unfortunately, its legality is much more nuanced because of conflicting federal laws and new court cases. What is clear is that in one of the most recent court decisions on the topic, Hemp Industries Assoc. v. DEA, which came out on April 30, 2018, the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit found that Section 7606 of the 2014 US Farm Bill (the “Farm Bill”) preempts the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), the federal law which designates marijuana as a Schedule I substance (along with heroin and cocaine) making it illegal to possess or use. This means that when there is conflict between the CSA and the Farm Bill, the Farm Bill wins out.
It’s a premium hemp oil for pain relief. It comes as a supplement for stress relief, pain and anxiety. Ultra High Strength Hemp Oil relieves pain from your entire body such as in the joints, back, and muscles. You don’t need to worry about value for your money; the product comes with full money back guarantee if you do not like the oil. All ingredients used are natural and organic with high-functioning anti-inflammatory properties. The taste is excellent, as the oil gets blended with natural flavors and MTC coconut oil.

As more and more states legalize the use of marijuana, a product known as CBD oil has surged in popularity. A chemical compound found in the cannabis plant, CBD, or cannabidiol, is non-intoxicating and does not cause the noticeable euphoric effects associated with tetrahydrocannabinol (or THC, another marijuana compound). Products marketed as CBD oil may contain THC.
A study from 2016 worked with 214 people with epilepsy. The study participants added oral doses of 2 to 5mg of CBD per day to their existing anti-epilepsy medications. The study’s researchers monitored the participants for 12 weeks, recording any negative side effects and checking on the frequency of their seizures. Overall, participants had 36.5 percent fewer seizures per month. However, severe adverse effects were recorded in 12 percent of the participants.
A research study posted to Addictive Behaviors shows that cannabidiol oil helps in treatment for substance abuse. According to the study, continued use of cannabidiol oil helped reduce tobacco consumption when used for 1 week. The participants in the research study randomly picked a placebo or CBD. They were then urged to use what they had picked whenever they felt like taking a cigarette. The participants with the placebo didn’t experience any decrease as opposed to the particiapnts who took CBD and decreased cigarette consumption by about 40%.
The endocannabinoid system is spread throughout your brain and body, but primarily throughout your central nervous system. The interaction between cannabinoids and receptors is what produces effects like the regulation of mood, pain, appetite, inflammation, and memory. Plant-based cannabinoids, found in cannabis plants, also interact with the receptors (whimsically named CB1 and CB2) in the endocannabinoid system, and each affects your body in different ways. CBD and its infamous cousin THC are the 2 most well-known cannabinoids.
Over the past few years, increasing public and political pressure has supported legalization of medical marijuana. One of the main thrusts in this effort has related to the treatment of refractory epilepsy—especially in children with Dravet syndrome—using cannabidiol (CBD). Despite initiatives in numerous states to at least legalize possession of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, little published evidence is available to prove or disprove the efficacy and safety of CBD in patients with epilepsy. This review highlights some of the basic science theory behind the use of CBD, summarizes published data on clinical use of CBD for epilepsy, and highlights issues related to the use of currently available CBD products.
Revida Labs oil (tincture is amazing, but expensive. Procana also has good tincture. In terms of CBD products it is important to find a product that is lab tested and willing to show you the lab results that prove they have the amount of CBD in it that they claim. Also make sure they use natural and/or organic ingredients. You don’t want any chemicals in the product. Also, if you can, try to go to a store where they are sold and see if you can try a sample if you are doing a tincture. Some tinctures can taste awful. For psoriasis it can benefit you to take it orally and to put the oil on topically. I use CBD for pain but my twin sister has psoriasis and uses the tincture from Procana for her psoriasis.
CBD is suddenly everywhere — and it’s not hard to see why. It won’t get you high, has a good safety profile, and naturally treats dozens of conditions. But there’s a dizzying amount of choice out there, so we’ve ranked the 25 best CBD oils to help you get started.  Whether you’re a rank beginner, or you’ve been experimenting with CBD for a while, we’ve got you covered. 

I use this for my anxiety and for my arthritis. The topical works great for my chronic neck pain. The best way to go is to get your own raw, tested material and use it in whatever form you like. It’s quite easy to make your own extract. This has worked better for me, rather than relying on a purchased, untested product – where some seem to work and others are a waste. But even with those that work, of course the cost is ridiculous and not affordable, thanks to all these corporate-pleasing laws in place, not there for the people – don’t delude yourselves.

In a study investigating CBD-drug interactions, CBD’s relationship with the Cytochrome P450-complex enzyme proved especially intriguing. This enzyme is the active compound in over half of the pharmaceutical medications being prescribed today, and it is the method by which the drug can treat physical symptoms. It is also responsible for the processes in which a drug is activated, or “metabolized” within the liver.
Using rigorous review methodology, Gloss and Vickery conclude that based on the low quality of the reports available, there is insufficient data available to draw any conclusions regarding the efficacy and or long-term safety of CBD in treating epilepsy (11). From the data available, it does appear that daily doses of 200 to 300 mg were safe in this small group of patients for a short period of time (14).
Moreover, a patient survey conducted by Project CBD, declared that “…cannabis appears to be an effective pain management tool with few negative side effects.” The study went on to say that a “…significant decrease in opiate usage among elderly patients while taking medical cannabis [was observed during trial].” In short, it has been portrayed clearly numerous times through valid and well-publicized clinical studies that cannabis is a practical option in terms of efficient pain management.
1. Devinsky O, Cilio MR, Cross H, Fernandez-Ruiz J, French J, Hill C, Katz R, Di Marzo V, Jutras-Aswad D, Notcutt WG, Martinez-Orgado J, Robson PJ, Rohrback BG, Thiele E, Whalley B, Friedman D. Cannabidiol: Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Epilepsia. 2014;55:791–802. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
It’s vital to know how and where hemp was grown. That’s because hemp is a bioaccumulator, meaning hemp absorbs contaminants from the soil while it grows. So if the soil it was grown on is not good, clean soil, then that plant might contain high levels of lead or mercury. When hemp is imported, it’s harder to ensure the hemp is grown responsibly, sustainably and without adding potential toxins to the products made from the crop. While it used to be that most CBD brands imported their hemp, today more and more brands use domestically grown hemp. We’ve also included some brands that use responsibly grown hemp imported from Europe.
John Staughton is a traveling writer, editor, and publisher who earned his English and Integrative Biology degrees from the University of Illinois in Champaign, Urbana (USA). He is the co-founder of a literary journal, Sheriff Nottingham, and calls the most beautiful places in the world his office. On a perpetual journey towards the idea of home, he uses words to educate, inspire, uplift and evolve.
We have receptors for cannabinoids in the whole body, but the first type (CB1) are very dense in the pain pathways of the brain, spine, and nerves. The second type (CB2) are more important for the immune system but is also involved in inflammation. By gently acting on both pathways, our internal cannabinoids and CBD can balance both pain and inflammation [64].

Thanks for taking the time to leave us this feedback. Dry mouth is not an uncommon side effect of CBD oil, but difficulty swallowing and breathing would indicate that you may have an allergy. However, because the symptoms are lingering, we’d suggest seeing your doctor, as an allergic reaction to any substance would not last for longer than a few hours to a few days at most. If there’s anything we can do to help, or if your doctor would want to call us to chat through any questions regarding CBD oil, know that we’re happy to do so.


The endocannabinoid system is spread throughout your brain and body, but primarily throughout your central nervous system. The interaction between cannabinoids and receptors is what produces effects like the regulation of mood, pain, appetite, inflammation, and memory. Plant-based cannabinoids, found in cannabis plants, also interact with the receptors (whimsically named CB1 and CB2) in the endocannabinoid system, and each affects your body in different ways. CBD and its infamous cousin THC are the 2 most well-known cannabinoids.
But the best way to enjoy CBD oil’s effectiveness is by following the product’s instruction. If it’s your first time to use CBD oil, recommendations are that you start with a small dose and increase gradually. As a result, your body will get used to the cannabinoid. As you gradually increase the dosage, you get to experience greater relief consistently. If the discomfort you are trying to relieve is much, you may get attempted to use more dosage of CBD oil. But this is wrong as it may get counterproductive. Besides, you may suffer from fatigue, or feel groggy and mildly sedated.
Medical professionals  and the FDA do advise that patients avoid citrus fruits, in particular grapefruit, when taking certain medications. Especially true of heart medications, grapefruit juice has nearly the exact same reaction to the CYP3A4 enzyme as CBD. When taken in conjunction with some medications, grapefruit juice can either decrease or increase the potency of the drug, through its reactions to the CYP3A4 enzyme.
Please read: I am receiving 50+ emails daily asking the same question so I need to put this here. So for all of you that are asking for “the best” brand recommendation: there is no “the BEST” brand and different brands work best for different conditions and issues. However I am always recommending choosing verified production since it’s your high quality and safety guarantee. The one brand I can vouch for is Verified CBD – https://verifiedcbd.com

1. Devinsky O, Cilio MR, Cross H, Fernandez-Ruiz J, French J, Hill C, Katz R, Di Marzo V, Jutras-Aswad D, Notcutt WG, Martinez-Orgado J, Robson PJ, Rohrback BG, Thiele E, Whalley B, Friedman D. Cannabidiol: Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Epilepsia. 2014;55:791–802. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

1. Devinsky O, Cilio MR, Cross H, Fernandez-Ruiz J, French J, Hill C, Katz R, Di Marzo V, Jutras-Aswad D, Notcutt WG, Martinez-Orgado J, Robson PJ, Rohrback BG, Thiele E, Whalley B, Friedman D. Cannabidiol: Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Epilepsia. 2014;55:791–802. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Unfortunately due to the disappointing and down right inaccurate position of the federal government in classifying Cannabis as a schedule one drug, most research institutions risk federal funding if they conduct real research on Cannabis. This has dramatically limited the potential for real research by real scientists to be conducted. That research is critical to better understanding the multitude of therapeutic effects of the various chemical constituents found in Cannabis.


Okay, hands down, these things actually work! I tried a sample of this yesterday, just one gummy worm, and I felt an overall numbness as my current back pain vanished, AND put me in a nice relaxed state of mind. Something I could not achieve with over the counter meds. The “Good Vibes” CBD edible gummies have 10mg 15mg of CBD per gummy. What surprising is you can’t taste any presence of CBD! No hint of hemp or plant whatsoever. Honestly, it can be mistaken as a regular candy. It is gluten-free and comes with different flavors such as watermelon and cola. Currently on sale for $20 off. 
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