Over the past few years, increasing public and political pressure has supported legalization of medical marijuana. One of the main thrusts in this effort has related to the treatment of refractory epilepsy—especially in children with Dravet syndrome—using cannabidiol (CBD). Despite initiatives in numerous states to at least legalize possession of CBD oil for treating epilepsy, little published evidence is available to prove or disprove the efficacy and safety of CBD in patients with epilepsy. This review highlights some of the basic science theory behind the use of CBD, summarizes published data on clinical use of CBD for epilepsy, and highlights issues related to the use of currently available CBD products.
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While hemp seeds are undoubtedly a ‘superfood’ and provide ample vitamins and minerals, they don’t typically contain a large amount of CBD. Therefore, you shouldn’t use Good Hemp’s product as a CBD oil substitute. (Obviously, you wouldn’t expect to receive much CBD in a product that costs less than ten dollars… or in this case, ten British pounds).
Hemptouch is a small family company from Slovenia specialising in topicals, namely natural creams and ointments that are CBD-rich and support skin health. Co-founder Silvija Špehar has a passion for natural skincare and saw the potential of CBD for topical use in synergetic formulas rich in essential oils and organic ingredients. When Hemptouch launched in 2014, Silvija’s formulas soon became popular via word of mouth and today has grown to become one of the most influential European CBD skincare brands. Widely retailed in the UK, Hemptouch offers the guarantee of overseeing the entire production process - from the growing of Cannabis Sativa L. in their own fields to the formulation and manufacturing of their products for topical use. Hemptouch also supplies a medium-strength 15% extract in an olive oil base. If you’re looking for quality CBD products from an ethical, small, European manufacturer, you’ll like Hemptouch.
To make matters more confusing, nine states (including California, Washington, and Colorado) let residents buy cannabis-based products with or without THC. Nearly two dozen other “medical marijuana states” allow the sale of cannabis, including capsules, tinctures, and other items containing CBD or THC, at licensed dispensaries to people whose doctors have certified that they have an approved condition (the list varies by state but includes chronic pain, PTSD, cancer, autism, Crohn’s disease, and multiple sclerosis). Sixteen more states legalized CBD for certain diseases.
A survey of patients seen in a tertiary epilepsy center found that 21% of patients admitted to using marijuana in the last year, and 24% of patients believed marijuana to be effective for their seizures (10). While interesting, this anecdotal observation does not rise to the level of evidence needed to evaluate a potential new therapeutic modality.
Our bodies are thought to produce endocannabinoids by the billions every day. “We always thought the ‘runner’s high’ was due to the release of dopamine and endorphins. But now we know the euphoria is also from an endocannabinoid called anandamide,” its name derived from the Sanskrit word for bliss, says Joseph Maroon, MD, clinical professor and vice chairman of neurosurgery at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. We produce these natural chemicals all day, but they fade quickly because enzymes pop up to destroy them. That’s where CBD comes in: By blocking these enzymes, CBD allows the beneficial compounds to linger.
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The co-founders of Hemptouch, Marko Sladič (CEO) and Silvija Špehar (Biologist and Head of Research and Development), believe in hemp as a natural powerhouse to complement anyone’s skincare regime. Their line of products for dry, combination, oily and problem skin is far superior and more comprehensive than any other we’ve seen in Europe, because it is based on natural ingredients and their formulas are unique, simple and effective. Hemptouch’s creams and ointments combine full spectrum CBD (rich in a large array of cannabinoids) with raw hemp oil and hemp flower hydrolate - this is the primordial base. On top of this, you’ll find synergetic blends of essential oils like chamomile, lavender and calendula.
Cannabis is often associated with increased appetite (the munchies) and weight gain. However, this is due to its notorious tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content. Cannabidiol, or CBD, does not contain THC, so it is less likely to cause you to binge on a whole bag of Doritos. In fact, CBD can do just the opposite. By reducing your appetite, it can help you consume fewer calories and lose excess weight.
These reports suffered from a number of design flaws, including incomplete baseline quantification of baseline seizure frequency, indeterminate time periods for outcome determination and, in some cases, inadequate (or missing) statistical analysis—in general, a lack of sufficient detail to adequately evaluate and interpret the findings. Limitations aside, several studies did report that administration of adjunctive CBD did not result in meaningful changes in seizure frequency (11–13).
If this is not sufficient for calming your symptoms, a gradual increase of another 25 mg per day, over the course of 3-4 weeks, is recommended. While there have been no reports of more serious side effects when this oil is taken in larger concentrations, it is best to slowly increase your dose to find a comfortable and effective level, given your individual characteristics and needs.
There are different tea products most people take when trying to manage their weight. Slimming tea is one that is popular when it comes to shedding off those extra pounds and cleansing your body. CBD tea can also be useful in such a situation. Most CBD tea products contain different flavors that make you enjoy consuming them or bring about that sweet taste. Some of the common flavors in this type of tea include apple and hibiscus. They also help reduce the after taste that comes with using CBD products. It is packaged in the form of tea bags where one is equal to a single dose. You can take one cup in the morning and another in the evening and wait for the results. Make sure your tea bag steeps in hot water to come up with tea that is of the desired strength.
Improving the appearance of the skin, especially reducing the signs and symptoms of acne and eczema, are the great benefits of regular CBD oil use. Topical application is quite popular for this, whether in a diluted or undiluted form, depending on the severity of the skin affliction. The powerful anti-inflammatory properties of the oil can also soothe redness, itchiness, and swollen areas of the skin.
This study combats the notion that CBD causes a THC high by discussing the misinterpretations of prior studies on the subject. In fact, the researchers state that two particular prior studies “have caused much confusion and uncertainty whether oral cannabidiol (CBD) is safe and whether subjects who are treated with CBD run the risk of positive workplace tests [for THC].”
CBD oil has been scientifically proven to reduce stress. It combats stress both psychologically and physically. Psychologically, it levels out your brains cortisol levels. Cortisol is the stress hormone, and high levels are associated with chronic depression, anxiety, and low immune function. Whenever you get stressed out, your body produces excessive amounts of the chemical.
While animal experimental data clearly suggest a potential benefit, supportive clinical data are quite sparse. In a case-control study of 308 cases of new onset seizures, Brust and colleagues found that marijuana use was significantly less prevalent among men who had unprovoked seizures compared to case controls (9). This difference was not significant in women. The authors suggest a potential protective effect against seizures with marijuana use; however, this should be considered speculative.
Whether you’re purchasing CBD oil or CBD hemp oil for sale, remember that what is written on the bottle – the big 300mg – doesn’t mean that the 300mg is packed with CBD only. It means that the whole bottle is 300mg. It’s important to read the label. When calculating the actual CBD content, you’ll want to remember that the following ground rules apply:
I use this for my anxiety and for my arthritis. The topical works great for my chronic neck pain. The best way to go is to get your own raw, tested material and use it in whatever form you like. It’s quite easy to make your own extract. This has worked better for me, rather than relying on a purchased, untested product – where some seem to work and others are a waste. But even with those that work, of course the cost is ridiculous and not affordable, thanks to all these corporate-pleasing laws in place, not there for the people – don’t delude yourselves.
Using rigorous review methodology, Gloss and Vickery conclude that based on the low quality of the reports available, there is insufficient data available to draw any conclusions regarding the efficacy and or long-term safety of CBD in treating epilepsy (11). From the data available, it does appear that daily doses of 200 to 300 mg were safe in this small group of patients for a short period of time (14).
That leaves those touting CBD’s effectiveness pointing primarily to research in mice and petri dishes. There, CBD (sometimes combined with small amounts of THC) has shown promise for helping pain, neurological conditions like anxiety and PTSD, and the immune system—and therefore potentially arthritis, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, cancer, and more.
CBD may offer an option for treating different types of chronic pain. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed, using an animal model, CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. Another study demonstrated the mechanism by which CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of chronic pain to treat. More study in humans is needed in this area to substantiate the claims of CBD proponents about pain control.
Under federal law, cannabis (from which both CBD and marijuana are derived) is illegal everywhere, although the laws against it aren’t generally enforced in states that have legalized marijuana. Some manufacturers claim that CBD culled from legally imported industrial hemp, which has little to no THC, is fine to ship across the U.S., but many experts disagree, noting that because hemp comes from the same species as marijuana, cannabis sativa, all CBD falls under the DEA’s Schedule 1 designation. “This creative interpretation of the law runs afoul of reality,” says the Brookings Institution, a Washington, DC, think tank.