These reports suffered from a number of design flaws, including incomplete baseline quantification of baseline seizure frequency, indeterminate time periods for outcome determination and, in some cases, inadequate (or missing) statistical analysis—in general, a lack of sufficient detail to adequately evaluate and interpret the findings. Limitations aside, several studies did report that administration of adjunctive CBD did not result in meaningful changes in seizure frequency (11–13).

CBD is well tolerated in humans with doses up to 600 mg not resulting in psychotic symptoms (15). In the few small placebo-controlled studies performed, no significant CNS effects were noted. Oral CBD undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism via CYP3A4, with a bioavailability of 6%. Following single doses in humans, the half-life of CBD when taken orally is about 1 to 2 days.1 In vitro studies have shown that CBD is a potent inhibitor of multiple CYP isozymes, including CYP 2C and CYP3A (16, 17). Whether these in vitro observations are relevant at plasma concentrations likely to be seen in patients is unclear. In addition, given its metabolism via CYP3A4, clinical trials of CBD in patients receiving enzyme-inducing AEDs, such as carbamazepine or phenytoin, will require detailed pharmacokinetic studies. 

When administered alone, CBD is an effective anticonvulsant in maximal electrical shock (MES), magnesium-free, 4-aminopyridine, and audiogenic models (7, 8). Co-administration with AEDs leads to various effects; anticonvulsant effects of CBD are enhanced with phenytoin or phenobarbital but decreased with chlordiazepoxide, clonazepam, trimethadione, and ethosuximide. In a recent study using an acute pilocarpine model, although CBD administration reduced the number of animals displaying seizure activity, CBD did not appear to have any significant effect on the number of seizures per animal (7).

Also, please note that CBD should NOT be misunderstood as a miracle cure — and no reputable CBD seller or manufacturer should ever claim otherwise. Furthermore, if you are using CBD for weight loss purposes, don’t expect it to work if you eat fast food three times a day and your exercise routine consists of struggling to twist the cap off your bottle of beer!


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Hemp CBD is completely different from cannabis CBD. Hemp also derives from the Cannabis sativa L plant, and while it also contains THC, it contains it in volumes that are less than 0.3% by dry weight. Some governments, including the US, regulate the concentration of THC and permit a specific variety of hemp (called industrial hemp) that is bred with an especially low THC content. This is the reason why, when you type into Google “CBD oil for Sale”, you get hundreds of companies trying to sell you their products – according to most all of them, CBD oil from industrial hemp is 100% legal to sell online and ship to all 50 states.
Always striving to source full-spectrum products (rich in other synergetic cannabinoids like CBDa), when Love Hemp launched, it focused on bringing fine organic hemp oils from the EU, particularly from the Czech Republic, into the UK market. For a while, they partnered with Endoca, who allowed them to source organic hemp material from mainland Europe which they would white label under their premium brand in the UK. Later on, when cannabis legislation changed in the USA, they tested Colorado-grown organic hemp from a company called Folium and, because of their guaranteed high quality, they decided this would become the principal source of their CBD hemp oils. All Love Hemp products are THC free (below the 0.2% allowed by UK law), non-addictive, non-toxic and third-party tested for purity.
Having 1 organic certification is hard enough. BioBloom possesses 3: the Austrian, Swiss and Hungarian Bio certificate and the British Biodynamic Association one, making it the only Cannabidiol product available in the UK with a triple organic certification. This means that from the moment it was planted in the organic soils of an Austro-Hungarian riverbed to the moment it reaches the bottle, the entire process is supervised and tested certified organic. No machines are allowed in the hemp farms and the entire process of harvesting and drying the cannabis plants is done by hand. This is a remarkable product with a very strong taste (perhaps the strongest of all oils we’ve tried), which in our eyes means it is full of goodness. Visit the BioBloom collection.
Organic hemp tea releases a full spectrum of cannabinoids that has a different profile to that of the oil. For instance, the CBDa content in hemp tea is naturally higher. Our bestseller is the regular hemp tea and 1.6% loose tea. Free samples of the 1.6% hemp tea bags and loose tea are available whenever you make a purchase over £30 (just add the sample in the ‘cart window’ or tell us in the notes section). The new 4% CBD hemp tea - made with the Futura strain of Cannabis Sativa L. - synergises very well with the strong 20% or the strongest 30% CBD drops. Hemp tea can also be vaporised, smoked or baked with. In 2019, Biopurus is looking to launch a new range of naturally flavoured oils. Visit the Biopurus collection.

On the plus side, there is an earnest desire for people to lose weight, which is why the weight loss industry is worth an astonishing $66 billion! But this, added to the fact that fewer people are dieting and more are gaining weight, tells us two things: One, weight loss supplements are fundamentally ineffective; and two, they are very, very expensive.
CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana). While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant. While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
To make matters more confusing, nine states (including California, Washington, and Colorado) let residents buy cannabis-based products with or without THC. Nearly two dozen other “medical marijuana states” allow the sale of cannabis, including capsules, tinctures, and other items containing CBD or THC, at licensed dispensaries to people whose doctors have certified that they have an approved condition (the list varies by state but includes chronic pain, PTSD, cancer, autism, Crohn’s disease, and multiple sclerosis). Sixteen more states legalized CBD for certain diseases.
Although CBD oils aren’t regulated by the FDA, purchasing products stateside from one of the nine states where recreational and medical cannabis use is legal will likely result in a higher-quality product than buying one made with hemp-derived CBD oil imported from abroad, says Martin Lee, director of Project CBD, a nonprofit that promotes medical research into CBD.
The review evaluated how targeting the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) could impact colitis. The ECS is a biological system within mammals that is made up of three components: cannabinoid receptors (the things that receive chemical signals outside the cell), endocannabinoids (small molecules that activate cannabinoid receptors), and metabolic enzymes that break down endocannabinoids after they are used.

These reports suffered from a number of design flaws, including incomplete baseline quantification of baseline seizure frequency, indeterminate time periods for outcome determination and, in some cases, inadequate (or missing) statistical analysis—in general, a lack of sufficient detail to adequately evaluate and interpret the findings. Limitations aside, several studies did report that administration of adjunctive CBD did not result in meaningful changes in seizure frequency (11–13).

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